| Archaeology and Anthropology references related to Samoa
Addison, D. J. 2008b. The Tutuila Basalt Export Industry: one "Measina a Tutuila". Journal of Samoan Studies 3(1):212-225.
Addison, D. J. and T. S. Asaua, 2006. 100 new dates from Tutuila and Manu'a: additional data addressing chronological issues in Samoan prehistory. Journal of Samoan Studies 2:95-117.
Addison, D. J., T. Tago, J. Toloa and E. Pearthree. 2006. Ceramic deposit below AD 5th-6th century volcanic ash fall at Pava'ia'i, Tutuila Island, American Samoa: preliminary results.New Zealand Journal of Archaeology 27:5-18.
Addison, D. J., J. Toloa, T. Tago and S. Vaueli. 2008a. Samoan Plain Ware ceramics of Tutuila Island, American Samoa: Some thoughts on their spatial and chronological distribution. Recent Advances in the Archaeology of the Fiji/West-Polynesia Region. D.J. Addison and C. Sand (eds.):97-115. Dunedin: Dept. of Anthropology, Gender and Sociology, University of Otago.
Addison, D. J., G. Walter and A. E. Morrison. 2008b. The initial investigation of Fatu-ma-Futi: An ancient costal village site, Tutuila Island, Territory of American Samoa. New Zealand Journal of Archaeology 29(2007):89-107.
Allen, Anne E. Guernsey, 2002. The house as social metaphor: architecture, space, and language in Samoan culture. in Giovanni, Bennardo, ed, Representing Space in Oceania: culture in language and mind, 179-197. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Ayers, William S. & Eisler, David 1987. Archaeological Survey in Western Tutuila: A Report on Archaeological Site Survey and Excavations. Unpublished report, American Samoa Historic Preservation Office.
Bernstein, Richard, 1983. Samoa: A Paradise Lost? New York Times Magazine April 24.
Best, S., 1992. Fortifications in Fiji and Samoa: Comparisons and Predictions. Archaeology in New Zealand 35: 40-44.
1993. At the Halls of the Mountain Kings: Fijian and Samoan Fortifications: Comparision and Analysis. The Journal of the Polynesian Society. 102:385- 447.
1994. A Short Site Survey in Western Samoa; Preliminary Results. Archaeology in New Zealand pp. 23-34.
Best, S., P. Sheppard, R. Green and R. Parker, 1992. Necromancing the stone: archaeologists and adzes in Samoa. The Journal of the Polynesian Society. 101(1):45-85.
Brophy, Kirsten Reinhardt, 1986. Tulauta and the Maupua Adze Quarry: The Lithic Manufacturing Center of Samoa. Unpublished M.A. Thesis, Department of Anthropology, Brown University.
Caton, Hiram (Ed.), 1990. The Samoa Reader: Anthropologists Take Stock. New York: University Press of America
Clark, Jeffrey T., 1980 Historic Preservation In American Samoa: Program Evaluation and Archaeological Site Inventory. Unpublished manuscript, Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu HI.
1989. The Eastern Tutuila Archaeological Project: 1988 Final Report. Unpublished report, American Samoa Historic Preservation Office.
1993a. Radiocarbon Dates From American Samoa. Radiocarbon, Vol. 35, No. 2: 323-330.
1993b. Prehistory of Alega, Tutuila Island, American Samoa: A Small Residential and Basalt-industrial Valley. New Zealand Journal of Archaeology, 1993, Vol. 15, pp 67-86.
1996. Samoan Prehistory in Review. In Davidson, J.M., Irwin, G., Pawley, A. and Brown D., (eds) Oceanic Culture History: Essays in Honour of Roger Green. New Zealand Journal of Archaeology Special Publication, pp. 445-460.
ms. Report on Reconnaissance Surveys of Aunu'u Island and Papa Stream, Nu'u'uli. Unpublished report on file at the American Samoa Historic Preservation Office.
Clark, Jeffrey T. & David J. Herdrich, 1988. The Eastern Tutuila Archaeological Project: 1986 Final Report. Unpublished report prepared for the American Samoa Historic Preservation Office.
1993. Prehistoric Settlement System in Eastern Tutuila, American Samoa. The Journal of the Polynesian Society. 102(2): 147-185.
Clark, G. R. 2002. Adzes of interaction: Samoan basalt artifacts in Fiji. Fifty Years in the Field: Essays in Honoour and Celebration of Richard Shutler Jr.'s Archaeological Career.S. Bedford, C. Sand, and D. Burley (eds):227-238. Auckland: New Zealand Archaeological Association Monograph 25.
Clark, J., J. Erickson and S. Schneider. 1998. Lithic technology in Samoa: A proposed classification of flake tools. Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Easter Island and East Polynesia. C. Stevenson, G. Lee, and F. Morin (eds):292-297. Los Osos: Easter Island Foundation.
Clark, Jeffrey T. & Michael G. Michlovic, 1996. An Early Settlement in the Polynesian Homeland: Excavations at 'Aoa Valley, Tutuila Island, American Samoa. Journal of Field Archaeology Vol. 23: 151-167.
Clark, Jeffrey T., Peter Sheppard, Martin Jones 1997. Late Ceramics in Samoa: A Test Using Hydration- Rim Measurements. Current Anthropology, Vol. 38 No. 5, pp. 898-904.
Clark, Jeffrey T. and Elizabeth Wright, 1995. Volcanic Glass In Samoa: A Technological And Geochemical Study. The Journal of the Polynesian Society. 104(3): 239-266.
Clark, Jeffrey T., Elizabeth Wright & David J. Herdrich, 1997. Interactions within and Beyond the Samoan Archipelago: Evidence from Basaltic Rock Geochemistry. In Prehistoric Long-distance Interaction in Oceania: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Edited by Marshall I.Wiesler. New Zealand Archaeological Association Monograph
Cleghorn, Paul L., 1984. An Historical Review of Polynesian Stone Adze Studies. The Journal of the Polynesian Society 93(4):399-420.
Cochrane, E. E., M. T. Carson and J. S. Athens (eds.). 2004. Archaeological Inventory Survey for the Tualauta County Phase IIb Sewerline Project, Tutuila, American Samoa. Honolulu: International Archaeological Research Institute, Inc.
Cooper, Molly L., 2003 An archaeological analysis of nail artifacts recovered from A'asu, American Samoa. TAMU Undergraduate Journal of Science 3 3:2: 8-13.
Crews, C. T. 2008. The Lithics of Aganoa Village (AS-22-43), American Samoa: A Test of Chemical Characterization and Sourcing Tutuilian Tool-Stone: MA thesis, Department of Anthropology, Texas A&M University.
Davidson, Janet M., 1969. Settlement Patterns in Samoa Before 1840. The Journal of the Polynesian Society 78(1):44-82.
Davidson, Janet M., Roger C. Green, A.G. Buist & K.M. Peters, 1967. Additional Radiocarbon Dates for Western Polynesia. The Journal of the Polynesian Society 76(2): 223-230.
Duranti, Alessandro, 1997. Indexical Speech Across Samoan Communities. American Anthropologist 99(2): 342-354.
Dickinson, W. R. and R. C. Green. 1998. Geoarchaeological context of Holocene subsidence at the Ferry Berth Lapita Site, Mulifanua, Upolu, Samoa. Geoarchaeology 13(3):239-263.
Eckert, S. L. 2006. Ancestral Polynesian Plain Ware production and technological style: a view from Aganoa, Tutuila Island, American Samoa. Journal of Samoan Studies 2:65-73.
Eckert S. L. anmd F. B. Pearl. 2006. Report on analysis of Polynesian Plain Ware from the Ulu Tree Site, on the island of Tutuila, American Samoa. Journal of Samoan Studies 2:75-86.
Enright, John ms. The Westernization of Time and Samoan Folk Arts. Paper prepared for the Pacific Arts Association, 4th International Symposium on the Arts of the Pacific. Manuscript on file at the American Samoa Historic Preservation Office.
1991. Fa'atautaiga: Traditional Samoan Fishing Methods. American Samoa Council on Culture, Arts and Humanities, Pago Pago.
1992. Rhetoric and Reality: The Frustrations of Cultural Conservation in American Samoa, A Case History. Pacific Arts. January: 8-11.
Frost, Janet O., 1978 Archaeological Investigations on Tutuila, American Samoa. Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Oregon, Eugene.
Gould, Richard A., Kim E. Honor & Kirsten J. Reinhardt, 1985. Final Project Reports for Tulauta and Fagatele Bay Prehistoric Villages and Leone Bay Petroglyphs. Unpublished report on file at the American Samoa Historic Preservation Office.
Green, R. C. 2002. A retrospective view of settlement pattern studies in Samoa. Pacific Landscapes: Archaeological Approaches. T. N. Ladeforged and M. W. Graves (eds.):125-152. Los Osos: Easter Island Foundation.
Green, Roger C., & Janet M. Davidson, 1965. Radiocarbon Dates for Western Samoa. The Journal of the Polynesian Society 74(1): 63-69.
1969. Archaeology in Western Samoa Vol. I. Bulletin of the Auckland Institute & Museum.
1974. Archaeology in Western Samoa Vol. II. Bulletin of the Auckland Institute & Museum No. 7.
Herdrich, D. J., 1991. Towards an understanding of Samoan star mounds. The Journal of the Polynesian Society 100:381-435.
Herdrich, D.J. and J.T. Clark, 1993. Samoan tia'ave and social structure: methodological and theoretical considerations. In The Evolution and Organization of Prehistoric Society in Polynesia. New Zealand Archaeological Association Monograph 19.
Hiroa, Te Rangi (Peter Buck), 1930. Samoan Material Culture. Honolulu, Hawaii, Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 75.
Hunt, Terry L., 1987. Archaeological Survey and Assessment of the Proposed Fiti'uta Site, Ta'u Island, Manu'a group, American Samoa. Prepared for the American Samoa Government Department of Public Works. On file American Samoa Historic Preservation Office.
Hunt, Terry L. and Patrick V. Kirch, 1987. Radiocarbon Dates from two Coastal Sites in the Manu'a Group, American Samoa. Radiocarbon 29(3): 417-419.
1987. An archaeological reconnaissance of the Manu'a Islands, American Samoa. On file, American Samoa Historic Preservation Office.
1988 An archeological survey of the Manu'a Islands, American Samoa. The Journal of the Polynesian Society 97:153-83.
Ishimura, T. and D. J. Addison. 2005. Basalt industries of Tafuna and Pava'ia'i on Tutuila Island, American Samoa. Quarterly of Archaeological Studies 52(2).
Ishimura, T. and D. J. Addison. 2007. Ateliers of basalt: Basalt industries of Tafuna (AS-31-150) and Pava'ia'i (AS-31-170), Tutuila Island, American Samoa. Archaeology in Oceania 42(1):33-40.
Joerg, W.L.G., 1912. A new map of the American Samoan Islands. Bulletin of the American Geographical Society 44(7): 506-512.
Johnson, P. R., F. B. Pearl, S. L. Eckert and W. D. James. 2007. INAA of pre-contact basalt quarries on the Samoan Island of Tutuila: A preliminary baseline for an artifact-centered provenance study. Journal of Archaeological Science 34(7):1078-1086.Keesing, Felix and Marie Keesing, 1956. Elite Communication in Samoa. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Kikuchi, W. K., n.d. The platform mounds of American Samoa. Manuscript on file at the American Samoa Historic Preservation Office.
1963. Archaeological Surface Ruins in American Samoa. Unpublished M.A. thesis, University of Hawai'i.
1964. Petroglyphs in American Samoa. The Journal of the Polynesian Society, 73:163-6.
1967. Additional Petroglyphs from American Samoa. The Journal of the Polynesian Society, 76(3):372-3.
Kikuchi, William K., Stephen L. Palama, and Thomas E. Silva, 1975. Archaeological Reconnaissance Survey Proposed Ta'u Harbor at Fusi and Quarry Site Between Fusi and Fagamoto Ta'u Island, Manu'a Group, American Samoa. Report for the Amry Corps of Engineers, on file American Samoa Historic Preservation Office.
Kirch, Patrick V., 1986. Rethinking East Polynesian prehistory. The Journal of the Polynesian Society 95:9-40.
Kirch, P.V. & Hunt, T.L., 1993. The To'aga Site: Three Millennia of Polynesian Occupation in the Manu'a Islands, American Samoa. No. 51 Contributions to the University of California Archaeological Research Facility, Berkeley.
Kramer, Augustin, 1902. Die Samoa Inseln. (vol. 1, 1902, vol. 2, 1903). Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbartsche.
Ladd, Edmund J., and David K. Morris, 1970. Archaeological and Ecological Survey of 'Olovalu Crater, Island of Tutuila, American Samoa." National Park Service. On file American Samoa Historic Preservation Office.
Leach , Helen M. and Dan Witter, 1987. Tataga-matau "rediscovered." New Zealand Journal of Archaeology 9:33- 54.
1990 Further investigations at the Tataga-matau site, American Samoa. New Zealand Journal of Archaeology 12:51-83.
Lehman, F.K. and David J. Herdrich 2002. On the relevance of point field for spaciality in Oceania, in Giovanni, Bennardo, ed, Representing Space in Oceania: culture in language and mind, 179-197. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Mageo, Jeannette M., 1988. Malosi: A Psychological Exploration of Mead's and Freeman's work and of Samoan Aggression. Pacific Studies 11(2): 25-65.
1989. Aga, Amio and Loto: Perspectives on the Structure of the Self in Samoa. Oceania 59: 181-199.
1996. Continuity and Shape Shifting: Samoan Spirits in Culture History. in J. Mageo & A. Howard, eds. Spirits in Culture History and Mind.
McCoy, Patrick, 1977. "Cultural Reconnaissance Survey Ausasi Harboe Project Auasi, Tutuila Island, American Samoa." Report prepared for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Pacific Ocean Division, Ms. 052077, on file at the Department of Anthropology, Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu.Mead, Margaret, 1928. The Coming of Age in Samoa. New York: Morrow.
1930. The Social Organization of Manu'a. Bulletin of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum. 76. Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press.1968. The Samoans. In Peoples and Cultures of the Pacific pp. 244-273. Andrew Vayda, ed. New York: Natural History Press.
Morrison, A. E., and D. J. Addison. 2009. Examining causes and trends in marine trophic level change: 1500 years of fish exploitation at Fatu-ma-Futi, Tutuila Island, American Samoa. Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology 4(2):177-194.
Morrison, A. E., and D. J. Addison. 2008. Assessing the role of climate change and human predation on marine resources at the Fatu-ma-Futi site, Tutuila Island, American Samoa:an agent based model. Archaeology in Oceania 43:22-34.
Ochs, Elinor, 1986. Culture and Language Acquisition: Acquiring Communication in a Western Samoan Village. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
Olson, M.D., 1997. Re-constructing Landscapes: The Social Forest, Nature and Spirit-world in Samoa. The Journal of the Polynesian Society 106:1: 7-32
Pearl, Frederic B., 2004. The chronology of mountian settlements on Tutuila, American Samoa. The Journal of the Polynesia Society 113:4: 331-348.
2006. Late Holocene Landscape Evolution and Land-use Expansion in Tutuila, American Samoa. Asian Perspectives 45:1: 48-68
Phelan, M. B., 1999. An AR correction value for Samoa from known age marine shells. Radiocarbon Vol. 42 pp. 99-101.
Rieth, T. M., A. E. Morrison and D. J. Adisson. 2008. The temporal and spatial patterning of the initial settlement of Samoa. Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology.
Sheppard, Peter J., R.G.V. Hancock, L.A. Pavlish & Robin Parker, 1989. Samoan Volcanic Glass. Archaeology in Oceania 24: 70-74.
Silva, Thomas E., and Stephen L. Palama, 1975. "Archaeological Reconnaissance Survey Proposed Shoreline and Highway Improvements, Tutuila Island, and Aunu'u Boat Harbor Aunu'u Island, American Samoa." Archaeological Research Center Hawaii, Inc., Project 14-62, prepared for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Honolulu.
Suafo'a, Epifania, 1994. Post-Field Summary Report: Archaeological Investigations of Site T-15 Tafuna Plain Sewer Project, American Samoa. Unpublished report on file at the American Samoa Historic Preservation Office.
Theroux, Joseph, n.d. The Sa'ilele Malumalu. On file, American Samoa Historic Preservation Office.
Weisler, Marshall, 1993. Chemical characterization and provenance of Manu'a adz material using a Non-Destructive x-ray flourescence technique. in The Toaga Site: Three Millennia of Polynesian Occupation in the Man'ua Islands, American Samoa. Patrick Kirch and T.L. Hunt (eds.) Contribututions of the University of California Archaeological Research Facility, No. 51. Berkeley.
Welch, Daniel Ryan, 2006. The use of ground-penedtrating radar for archaeology: determining site formation processes and subsurface features on Tutuila Island, American Samoa. Unpublished Texas A&M University Senior Scholars Thesis. On file, American Samoa Historic Preservation Office.
Winterhoff, E. Q. 2007. The Political Economy of Ancient Samoan Basalt Adze Production and Linkages to Social Status: PhD thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of Oregon.
Winterhoff, E. Q., J. A. Wozniak, W. S. Ayres and E. Lash. 2007. Intra-island source variability on Tutuila, American Samoa and prehistoric basalt adze exchange in Western Polynesia-Island Melanesia. Archaeology in Oceania 42:65-71.
Williams, John, 1984. The Samoan Journals of John Williams. Richard M. Moyle, ed. Pacific History Series No. 11. Australia National University Press, Canberra.
Williams, Vernon W., 1974. Folk Ballads of Samoa and Culture Change. Cultures 3: 95-115.
History references related to Samoa.
Ahmad, Diana L., 2006 Embracing Manifest Destiny: The Samoan Experience. Journal of the West Vol. 45, No.2.
Anonymous n.d. United States Naval History of Tutuila Island, American Samoa. Manuscript on file at the American Samoa Historic Preservation Office.
1945. History of First Samoan Battalion U.S. Marine Corps Reserve. Manuscript on file at the American Samoa Historic Preservation Office.
1947. Pearl Harbor and the Outlying Islands. Chapter 22 in Building the Navy's Bases in World War II, Vol. II. Washington D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Bates, 1st Sgt. Cecil R., 1940. The Fita-Fita Guard. The Leatherneck.
Darden, Capt. T. F., n.d. Historical Sketch ofv the Naval Administration of the Government of American Samoa April 17, 1900 - July 1, 1951. Washington D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Ellsworth, Harry A. Samoa. pp. 144-149 in One Hundred Eighty Landings of United States Marines 1800-1934. Washington D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Faust, David W., ms. Samoa: Pre-Missionary European Contact and the Influence of this Contact Upon the Samoans and Upon the Subsequent Establishment of the Missionaries; the Influence of the Missionaries Upon the Samoans and Upon the Later Activities of Europeans and Americans. University of Hawaii History Term Paper. On file, American Samoa Historic Preservation Office.
Frost, Janet Owens. 1976. Summary Report of Archaeological Investigations on Tutuila Island, American Samoa. New Zealand Archaeological Newsletter 19(1):30-37.
Gilson, R.P., 1970. Samoa 1830 to 1900: The Politics of a Multi-Cultural Community. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.
Gray, Capt. J.A.C., 1960. Amerika Samoa: A History of American Samoa and Its United States Naval Administration. Annapolis, MD: United States Naval Institute.
Green, Roger C., Simon Best, and Rhys Richards. 1988. Exotic Type Adzes from Tonga and Western Samoa. Archaeology in New Zealand 31(4):215-221.
Gunson, Neil, 1990. The Tonga-Samoa connection 1777-1845. The Journal of Pacific History 25(2): 176-187.
Henry, Brother Fred, 1980. Samoa: An Early History. Revised by Tofa Pula, Nikolao I. Tuiteleapaga. American Samoa Department of Education.
Kennedy, Joseph. 2011. An archaeological Inventory Level Survey for a Fifty-Acre Parcel at Matu'u Mauga/Sina Ridge Ma'oputasi County, Tutuila Island, American Samoa. On file, American Samoa Historic Preservation Office.
Kennedy, Joseph, Amira Ainis, Sandy Ireland, Carly Liebhardt and Etsuko Yoshifuku. 2010. An archaeological Phase I Inventory Level Survey for the Fagatogo/Utulei Ridge Project Area, Ma'oputasi County, Island of Tutuila, American Samoa. On file, American Samoa Historic Preservation Office.
Leach, Helen M., and Roger C. Green. 1989. New Information for the Ferry Berth Site, Mulifanua, Western Samoa. Journal of the Polynesian Society 98:319-329.
Meleisea, Malama, 1987. The Making of Modern Samoa: Traditional Authority and Colonial Administration in the Modern History of Western Samoa. Institute of Pacific Studies of the University of the South Pacific.
Metzger, Lt. Gen Louis, 1982. Duty Beyond the Seas. Marine Corps Gazette 66(1): 28-37.
Nordstrom, Alison D. Paradise Recycled: Photographs of Samoa in Changing Contexts. Exposure 28(3): 8-15.
1991. Early Photography in Samoa: Marketing Stereotypes of Paradise. History of Photography 15(4): 272-286.
1992. Photography in the Pacific: A Bibliography. The Photo Historian Supplement No. 97.
1992. Wood Nymphs and Patriots: Depictions of Samoans in The National Geographic Magazine. Visual Sociology 7(2): 49-59.
Olsen, Frederick Harris, 1976. The Navy and the White Man's Burden: Naval Administration of Samoa. Unpublished Dissertation: Washington University.
Petchey, Fiona J. 2001. Radiocarbon Determinations from the Mulifanua Lapita Site, Upolu, Western Samoa. Radiocarbon 43(1):63-68.
Rigby, Barry 1973. Private interests and the origins of American involvement in Samoa: 1872-1877. Journal of Pacific History Vol. 8 pp.75-87.
Richard, Rhys. 1990. On a Surface Collection of Western Samoan Stone Tools. Archaeology in New Zealand 33(5):132-151.
Ryden, George H., 1975. The Foreign Policy of the United States in Relation to Samoa. New York: Octagon Books.
Theroux, Joseph, n.d. Heraldic Hash: Flags and Insignia of the Samoan Islands. On file at the American Samoa Historic Preservation Office.
1985. Edwin William Gurr and the 1888 taupou of Apia. Pacific Islands Monthly. Feb., pp. 39-41; March, pp. 44-46; April, pp. 43-46.
Tuiteleapaga, Chief Napoleone A., 1980. Samoa Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow. Great Neck, NY: Todd & Honeywell, Inc.
Watson, Robert M., 1918. History of Samoa. Wellington: Whitcombe & Tombs Ltd.
Williams, John, 1984. The Samoan Journals of John Williams. Richard M. Moyle, ed. Pacific History Series No. 11. Australia National University Press, Canberra.